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A Village Magazine produced by volunteers for the village of Hardwicke Delivered free to 2,500 homes monthley since 1989.

Latest Covid-19 communicationsentries will be published on this page,

earlier entries can be found on the dedicated Coronavirus page, (link above)



Fire safety top tips for a safe summer


With the dry weather predicted to last across the county, Gloucestershire Fire and Rescue Service (GFRS) is asking everyone to follow some simple steps to make sure they have a fun filled, fire free summer.


Due to the ongoing dry conditions, the risk of wildfires across the county has increased, with GFRS having already being called to a number of fires in open areas.


Everyone can play a part in helping the county stay safe by taking a few simple measures. When enjoying public spaces or the countryside litter should be disposed of properly. Glass and reflective material can start fires if left lying around and cigarettes must be discarded safely.


Wildfires can escalate quickly and are a serious danger to life, properties, the environment and wildlife, causing wide spread damage. Anyone who spots a fire in the open should leave the areas and call 999 immediately.


BBQs are an important part of summer but during dry conditions GFRS is asking people to take extra care when using theirs, and to not use them at all in wooded or dry grass areas, where fires can spread quickly.


These simple steps will help people BBQ safely:


  • never leave a barbeque unattended
  • keep them away from buildings, sheds, fences, hedges and trees
  • never barbeque on balconies
  • have a bucket of water nearby
  • make sure your barbeque is completely out when finished
  • never put ashes or disposable barbeques straight into the bin


Gloucestershire Fire and Rescue Service has also seen an increase in the number of garden fires getting out of control. Often, these bonfires have spread to trees, hedges, fences, sheds and properties. Attending these fires means that our firefighters are unavailable to attend more serious incidents.


People should try and avoid having bonfires during this current period of dry weather to minimise the avoidable calls GFRS has to attend, instead appropriately storing your waste until you are able to dispose of it safely. Garden refuge collections have resumed and household recycling centres (HRCs) have re-opened for pre-booked visits only. Further information is available at


If you have to have a bonfire please be considerate to your neighbours and ensure the smoke does not drift across roads and become a danger to traffic.


Cllr Dave Norman, cabinet member with responsibility for the Fire and Rescue Service, said: “We want people to enjoy their summer in Gloucestershire, especially as Covid-19 restrictions are slowly being lifted. However, it is important to stay safe and help prevent fires or stop them from getting out of control.


“We certainly do not want Gloucestershire to experience the devastation that wildfires have caused in other parts of the country so please avoid burning garden waste and be extra careful when enjoying time in the countryside. Simple steps such as using BBQs safely, putting rubbish in a bin and making sure cigarettes are put out will really help to prevent avoidable fires.”


Adam Openshaw, Head of Community Safety for GFRS, said: “However careful people are, bonfires can easily get out of control, especially during this warm spell of weather. We do not want Gloucestershire to experience the devastation that wildfires have caused in other parts of the country so we are asking the public to avoid burning garden waste and to be extra careful when enjoying time in the countryside. Small precautions such as using BBQs safely and the correct disposal of cigarettes can help prevent large fires.”


A spokesperson for Forestry England, said: “Our woodlands and forests are at risk, the continuous warm weather has significantly raised the wildfire threat, just one spark can cause a fire. We are asking people to not use BBQ’s or light fires in our woodlands and to ensure cigarettes are safely extinguished and disposed of responsibly.

“Our colleagues in Wareham Forest, Dorset recently suffered a devastating fire, Dorset and Wiltshire Fire and Rescue Service found the remains of 11 disposable barbecues in the area. The fire was burning for almost two weeks and destroyed 220 hectares of forest. That’s the equivalent of 310 football pitches, all destroyed in a matter of days by carelessness and taking decades to recover.”


For more safety advice, please visit




Issued by: Gloucestershire County Council Communications Team, 01452 427554,


Notes to Editors:


Forestry England manages and cares for the nation’s 1,500 woods and forests, with over 230 million visits per year. As England’s largest land manager, we shape landscapes and are enhancing forests for people to enjoy, wildlife to flourish and businesses to grow.


27 May 2020

Schools set for pupils’ potential phased return

With schools across Gloucestershire working hard to be ready for a potential phased return of more pupils on 1st June, Gloucestershire County Council has drawn up a package of measures to help teachers and students.

Schools in the county are expected to welcome more children back after the May half-term, when Government guidance allows. Schools will be taking steps to reduce contact for children and this will mean things will look a bit different when they return. Children will be in smaller groups and may be in a different classroom with a different teacher. Schools may also need to limit the number of children they can take. How this will operate and which pupils can return is a decision for individual schools, with the health, safety and wellbeing of children, young people and staff at the forefront of every decision they make.

Whilst individual schools are responsible for making the decision on how they can operate safely, the county council has been supporting them with their plans including help with accessing PPE and signage.


From this week, every school in Gloucestershire will be supplied with an initial starter pack of personal protective equipment (PPE) by the county council, including:  masks, gloves, goggles, aprons and sanitiser. The council will also help schools to source their own PPE equipment in future, if needed.

Signs, stickers and tape are also available for schools to encourage social distancing and to put in a one-way traffic system around their building. They have also been given advice on things to consider in re-opening as well as advice on testing and how to access it if needed. The council will also provide additional support where children may struggle with going back to school. If parents have questions, they can contact the council’s COVID19 education team by email at or by calling 01452 426015.


Cllr Patrick Molyneux, cabinet member responsible for education, said: “Schools in Gloucestershire haven’t closed - ninety per cent have remained open to children of key workers and vulnerable children since lockdown began in March. I’m really grateful for the work they’ve done in helping key workers keep up the fight against Coronavirus.  Schools are working hard now to plan to increase the number of pupils attending, once Government guidance allows. The county council is playing its part to support schools to make sure they have the help and support they need to do that safely and appropriately.”

Priority will continue to be given to supporting vulnerable children and children of key workers. Schools will consider how best to meet the needs of children in Reception, Year One and Year 6 in line with the Government guidance and based on what is possible in their own schools. 

Secondary schools will be making different arrangements and are making contact with the parents of students in Year 10 and year 12 to confirm their individual schools’ plans.


For more information about the plans for a phased return to school, visit our frequently asked questions page on the council website:

To help support families, the council have set up a parent advice line. The advice line offers confidential advice, guidance and emotional support on any aspect of parenting and family life. If you need support, please contact the advice line on 0800 542 02 02.


Issues by the Communications team, Gloucestershire County Council,

26 May 2020

New mental health service launched for young people

Kooth is an online mental wellbeing service provided by the county council in response to Covid-19 to add to the range of mental health support available for children and young people in the county.

Young people aged 11 to 18 living in Gloucestershire can now access free anonymous counselling from qualified counsellors via an online mental wellbeing platform at Kooth is designed for young people experiencing issues with their emotional wellbeing, such as anxiety, low mood or stress. 

Counselling can be accessed through a drop-in service or booked sessions; there is no referral needed from a health professional, no waiting lists, and no criteria to meet to get support.

As well as the option of online counselling, there is an online support network where young people can join friendly discussion boards to connect with others having similar experiences. They can access journals, goal trackers, and self-help articles with the option to contribute their own experiences or advice.

Cllr Tim Harman, cabinet member for public health and communities, said: “It’s totally normal to feel stressed or anxious whatever age you are, especially if you’re not able to see your friends or go about your normal routine. Whether you’re feeling worried about something related to coronavirus or something completely different, please reach out for support. It’s good to talk about your worries before they get bigger.”

Kooth is just one of the services available to support children and young people with their mental health and wellbeing in Gloucestershire, and the county council and its partners are keen to raise awareness of the range of support available.

Other options include:

  • Child & Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS, formerly known as CYPS)

Provides specialist NHS mental health services for children and young people (and their families/carers) who are experiencing moderate to severe mental health difficulties, from birth to their 18th birthday. Find out more about the service here or call Acorn House on 01452 894300 with any enquiries.


  • On Your Mind Glos

An NHS website to explore topics such as bullying, eating disorders and anxiety, and where you can go for more support. 


  • Chat Health

A confidential text messaging service for young people to get in touch with a healthcare professional for advice and support. Text 07507 333351.


  • TIC+

Phone, text or online counselling for young people aged 9 to 21. A parent support and advice line is also available online. Call 01594 372777, text 07520 634063 or visit


  • Gloucestershire Self Harm Helpline

A safe, non-judgmental helpline for young people and adults who self harm, and their friends, families and carers. Call 0808 816 0606, text 07537 410 022 or webchat at


  • Childline

Online support, resources and phone counselling. Calls are free and won’t show up on a phone bill. Call 0800 1111 or visit


  • Young Minds

The children and young people’s mental health charity, Young Minds has lots of resources, advice and toolkits for young people, and a parents’ helpline available Monday to Friday: 0808 802 5544.


  • GPs are open and available to support people of all ages.


  • If you’re feeling very distressed, get help 24 hours a day by calling Samaritans on 116 123 or texting Shout on 85258.


Find out more about looking after your mental wellbeing and what services are available for adults and children here

Issued by the Communications Team,, 01452 427554

22nd May 2020

Police Support During the Covid-19 Pandemic - Latest Update

Motorists urged to 'Slow Down, Save Lives'

We’re reminding motorists to keep their speed low as part of a speed enforcement campaign being launched on Monday. With the gradual relaxing of lockdown restrictions, agencies across the county are working to ensure that drivers are sticking to the speed limits.

We’re targeting roads in Cheltenham, the Cotswolds, Forest of Dean, Gloucester, Stroud and Tewkesbury, in response to concerns that have been raised by residents during the past two months.

The operation is deliberately timed as travel restrictions start to ease, to keep people safe as the volume of traffic increases and is part of the work to deliver against the Police and Crime Commissioner’s priority around Safe and Social Driving.

What else is happening in your area?

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Check your vehicle before driving


Published: 13 May


If you are using your vehicle for the first time in several weeks, Highways England has an important message for you: check it! If you are leaving home for one of the reasons the Government has given, remember that any vehicle which hasn’t been on the road for some time will need a thorough check to ensure it is roadworthy and safe. Highways England has five pieces of advice for motorists going back on the road.

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Warning following reports of video conferences being hijacked


Published: 21 May


We're reminding the public to be vigilant when using video conferences apps after two incidents of 'Zoom-bombing' have been reported in recent weeks. This is where uninvited guests are able to join the virtual chat sessions and hijack them. Zoom, and other video conferencing apps, have a number of safety features you can use to stop unknown or unwanted persons from joining your conference and sharing inappropriate or illegal material.

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First of new mental health services launched


Published: 7 May


Qwell is one of the new mental health services put in place by the county council in response to the Covid-19 pandemic to make sure there is a range of help available in the county for people who need it. Anyone over 18 in Gloucestershire can now access free anonymous counselling from qualified counsellors via the online chat platform.

20 May 2020

Support for over 60,000 carers during Covid-19


The county council and NHS Gloucestershire are making sure that Gloucestershire’s legion of unpaid carers can continue to receive the support they need during the Covid-19 crisis.

The service, which is provided by Gloucestershire Carers Hub, means that ‘informal carers’ can access up to date information, advice and guidance, as well as emotional and practical support, as they care for loved ones during these uncertain times.

A carer is defined as somebody, of any age, who provides support or who looks after a family member, partner or friend who needs help because of frailty, physical or mental illness, or disability. 1 in 10 people in Gloucestershire is a carer.

Many carers are currently shielding with the person they care for, isolated at home with varying support needs.

-   Carers who need access to food and medication have been supported with deliveries via the Community Help Hub, and been given a letter for them to show at supermarkets, so they can access priority slots in store and online.

-   Most carers’ respite breaks have been stopped at the request of the carer, so the hub is making welfare calls to carers to check on their wellbeing and hosting virtual coffee mornings. There’s also a WhatsApp group for carers to chat with other carers, and regular updates from the hub.

-   Carers who are concerned about their loved one dying during this period can receive support. The Hub has a newly formed partnership arrangement with Sue Ryder, who have registered nurses responding to a dedicated phone line to support carers with end of life questions. They also signpost people to the Hospital Hub, which can support carers who have loved ones in hospital.


The council is keen for every carer to register with Gloucestershire Carers Hub so that they can benefit from the help offered. This includes adding carers on to the Carers Emergency Scheme, which builds on personal contingency planning and can mean that extra emergency support is available for them if it is needed. For example if a carer was unable to take care of their family or friend due to a change in their own health or personal circumstances.

Cllr Kathy Williams, cabinet member for adult social care at Gloucestershire County Council, said: It’s a worrying time for informal carers; many are isolating at home with the person they care for and we want to make sure they can access all of the support they need.

“Carers are unsung heroes who work hard day in and day out and they can get forgotten. Sometimes people don’t even realise that they would be classed as a carer, so don’t realise that support is available for them, and this is something we are keen to change. This week, when you are clapping on Thursday please clap for unpaid carers too.”

Carers can contact Gloucestershire Carers Hub on Tel 0300 111 9000 or go online at

11 May2020

Gloucestershire Funder Group


More than £300,000 has already been granted to local charities by the Gloucestershire Funder Group, to help them survive the crisis. As a founder member of the Gloucestershire Funders Group, the OPCC (Office of the Police & Crime Commissioner) is working alongside seven other local organisations providing financial support to charities in the county, helping them to continue providing essential services.

 Read more here.

May 2020

Copy of an original article from The Citizen on 10th May 1945

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They gave up their today...

David George Faulkner   

2nd March 1923 - 23rd October 1943 Elmgrove Road, Hardwicke 

Peter Rodney Driver 

Q3 1920 to 16th September 1943 Sellers Road, Hardwicke


Sidney Charles Biggs   

21st May 1920 to 19th March 1945   Elmgrove Road, Hardwicke 

Leslie George Sims   

24th September 1923 to 11th September 1944    Apricot Cottage, Hardwicke


John William Hamilton (k.a. Jack) 

21st January 1921 to 17th September 1939 Bristol Road, Hardwicke


Ronald John Perkins   

No information available   


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At a time of celebration for VE Day we remember those from our community who paid the ultimate sacrifice in the 2nd World War for our freedom

June 2020

Born in June 

1st 1907 Frank Whittle, Coventry born inventor who developed the jet engine

2nd 1857 Sir Edward Elgar, composer, revered each year in Last Night at the Proms concert 


3rd1865George V, changed the name of the royal house from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor

4th 1738 George III, unfortunately remembered for his erratic mental health (porphyria?) 

6th 1868    Captain Robert Falcon Scott, known as Scott of the Antarctic

11th 1776    John Constable, one of the greatest British landscape artists

16th 1890 Stan Laurel, English-born comedian who went to the USA and found fame and fortune with partner Oliver Hardy

17th 1239    Edward I, best known for his soldiering in the Crusades

19th 1566 King James VI, the first Stuart king of England and Ireland

23rd 1894 Edward VIII, abdicated in order to marry the American divorcee Mrs. Simpson and took the title Duke of Windsor

24th 1650    John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, English statesman and one of the greatest British military strategists

25th 1903 George Orwell, Indian born English novelist, best known for Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four

28th 1491  Henry VIII, famous for his six wives and his rebellion against the Roman Catholic Church


24 April 2020

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Ready, set, snap!

Gloucestershire Wildlife Trust’s annual wildlife photography competition is now open for entries, with new categories and bigger and better prizes.

GWT would love to see your images showcasing the stunning scenery and spectacular wildlife here in Gloucestershire. We appreciate that movement is currently restricted due to lockdown but we think the ‘on your doorstep’ category provides the perfect opportunity for capturing snaps of wildlife and wild places close to your home – either in your garden or whilst out enjoying your daily exercise.

In addition to the adult categories, there is also a juniors category for those aged 17 or under – a great excuse for a family photography session, and a fun activity for children to take part in.

We're looking forward to seeing your entries, whether it's a photograph that's been taken on a smartphone, compact camera or SLR.

To find out more about the categories and how to enter, head to

Entries close at midnight on 31 July 2020.

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 Robin - by Alfie Owen


Coombe Hill - by Susan Cook 

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May 2020

Insights at Spinavita Chiropractic

By Jessica Davy - Chiropractor



With the government guidelines advising us to stay at home as much as possible due to COVID-19, many of us have had to adapt to a much slower pace of life. Our clinic has been shut for the last 4 and a half weeks and like many of you, I have had to settle in to a new routine of working from home.


Under normal circumstances I advocate getting your body moving as much as possible in a way that you enjoy and can commit to. Despite there the variety of online workouts being offered, nearly all forms of exercise are still restricted and it’s easy to feel disheartened and to find yourself withdrawing from all forms of movement.


While we all may have formed some bad habits, here are my top tips to get you moving more and sitting less!


Change it Up - Adopt a different posture every 20-30 minutes. Even small changes such as uncrossing your legs or using a footstool will help.

Work Standing - Place your laptop on a box, or work at the kitchen counter so you can work standing up. I don’t recommend standing for the whole day, but instead alternate between sitting and standing as often as you feel.

Schedule a lunch break - Its easy to become chained to your desk when working from home, but make sure to take a lunch break away from your desk. It's a great time to get some fresh air or to try a midday workout all to give you space and to boost your productivity.

Walk and Talk - When talking to your colleagues or loved ones on the phone or FaceTime, get up and walk around your house or garden.

Set Reminders - Set regular reminders on your phone or computer and aim for 2-3 minutes of movement during every hour.

Set a Goal - Hitting thousands of steps a day may not be achievable while we’re in lockdown, so lower your goal so that it’s still a challenge, but it’s achievable.

TV Breaks - Get up and move during every advert break or between each Netflix episode; it can be as simple as standing up, walking around the room and then changing your position on the sofa!

Kitchen dancing - Dance parties are my favourite way to increase your heart rate, get your body moving and release those happy hormones. Play your favourite songs nice and loud and just let your body move!


Community Losses in 2nd World War as recorded on the St Nicholas Church Lytch Gate

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David George Faulkner

David was born on 2nd March 1923 to parents George Thomas and Clara Annie(nee Wellington) Faulkner. He had three siblings; Barbara, Anthony and Sylvia and attended Central Technical School, Derby Road, Gloucester. At the time of the 1939 Register, the family were living in Elm Cottage, Elmgrove Road, Hardwicke.

David, aged 23 was serving on H.M.S. Charybdis when it was torpedoed by German destroyers  and sunk in the English Channel on 23rd October 1943. He is also remembered on the Naval Memorial, Portsmouth.

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Peter Rodney Driver

Peter was born in Wokingham Berkshire during Q3 1920 to parents Francis Charles Driver and Clara Ellen nee Woodfield. They lived at Hardwicke’s old Post Office at Llanwern, Sellers Road. His civil occupation was Electrical Engineer.

Peter enlisted on 25th November 1940 and was recommended for training as a Pilot/Observer. He trained in Charlestown, Canada from 11th February until 1st April 1942. In June 1943 he was in Egypt and he also went to the Holy Land. He joined an Australian Squadron, 458 Squadron as a Flying Officer on 25th July 1943.

The Wellington FU – K  in which Peter was the Pilot took off from RAF Protville at 1821 hours on the night of 16/17thSeptember 1943 to patrol an area from Civitavecchia to Savona Gorjona islands thence Bastia and down the coasts of Corsica and Sardinia. Nothing was heard from the aircraft after take-off and it did not return to base. Peter died on the 16th September 1943 aged 23 and is also commemorated on the Malta Memorial as having no known grave.

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Sidney Charles Biggs

Sidney was born on the 21st May 1920, the son of Charles Daniel and Alice Biggs. Charles was a Baker at a Bakehouse, Confectionary and they were living in Bristol Road, Quedgeley.

At the time of the 1939 Census, the family were living at The Retreat, Bristol Road, Gloucester.  Sidney was a Plumbing Apprentice and worked for W A B Halls Ltd prior to enlisting in the RAF. He was a Sergeant in the 11th Squadron, RAF Volunteer Reserve Service Number: 1164957. On the 19th March 1945, on the outward run to last target at MILAUNGBYA PP170482, his aircraft, while maneuvering into attack formation went into a spin at 4000 feet and spun into ground and burst into flames, first fatality for unit in four months. Sidney was 24. He is also remembered on the Singapore Memorial. His parents were living at Dutch House, New Road (now Elmgrove Road East).


Community Losses in 2nd World War as recorded on the St Nicholas Church Lytch Gate

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Leslie George Sims

Leslie was born on 24th September 1923 to parents Henry and Nellie (nee Curtis) of Apricot Cottage, Hardwicke.

Hardwicke war memorial records Leslie as a Gunner in the Royal Field Artillery, the CWGC records him as being in the Royal Horse Artillery. He was killed on the 11th September 1944 aged 20 years and is buried in Gradara War Cemetery, Pesaro, Provincia di Pesaro e Urbino, Marche, Italy.

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John William Hamilton (k.a. Jack)

John was born in 1898 to parents John and Elizabeth Hamilton. On 21st January 1921, he married Bertha Matilda Mustoe at St James Church, Gloucester. John was recorded as being a soldier.

In 1937, John and Bertha were living at Brook Cottage, Bristol Road, Hardwicke.

John was a Royal Naval Volunteer (Wireless) Reserve and was serving as a Telegraphist on the Aircraft Carrier HMS Courageous when it was hit by  U-boat U29 on 17th September 1939. John was killed aged 41 years. He is also commemorated on the Naval Memorial in Plymouth. Part 1V.

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Ronald John Perkins

 Private. No information on which regiment he served in or his connection with Hardwicke.             

June 2020

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Compost Corner


June  in the Garden

June 21 is the longest day of the year, and the extra light and warmth encourages the garden to put on an exuberant burst of growth. But this extra light and warmth also means weeds will sprout up from seemingly nowhere. Keep on top of them by hoeing regularly in dry conditions.

Continue to plant summer bedding plants, primroses and polyanthus

Check plants daily and water them if the soil is dry – especially newly planted trees and shrubs that are still getting established.

Lift and divide clumps of snowdrops and bluebells once the leaves start to yellow


Pinch out the tips of fuchsias to encourage a bushy habit and more flowers.

Start to pick sweet peas as soon as they flower to encourage more blooms.

As new shoots grow, use soft ties to train climbing plants such as honeysuckle and clematis to their supports.


Towards the end of June, if your hardy geraniums have finished flowering, cut them back to encourage new foliage and flowers.


 Harvest flower heads from your lavender plants to use in baking, crafting, or as a garnish to your meals.


Clip evergreen hedges such as privet, box and yew while they're in active growth.

Turn the compost in your bins every month to keep it well aerated.

Keep bird baths topped up in hot weather.

Mow lawns at least once a week and water during hot weather, particularly newly seeded or turfed lawns. Warm weather encourages rapid weed growth - apply specific lawn weed killer to tackle them. Feed your lawn with a special lawn fertiliser to encourage healthy green growth.

Recut lawn edges, or install lawn edging to make future maintenance easier.

Use water butts as much as possible and water your containers and baskets well in hot weather. Start to feed them with a balanced liquid fertiliser every 2 to 4 weeks.

Fruit and Vegetable Garden

Start to prune your plum or cherry trees now.

Although fruit trees will naturally shed some fruit (called the 'June drop'), aim to thin out congested branches further for bigger and better fruits.


Protect any developing fruits from birds and squirrels by placing netting around your plants.


Peg down runners on your strawberry plants to create more plants for next year. If you don't need more plants simply remove the strawberry runners completely.


Harvest early potatoes - these are normally ready about 10 weeks after planting.


Keep an eye on your onion and garlic. When the leaves start to yellow and die back, they’re ready to harvest.


If you haven't already, harden off and plant tender vegetables such as courgettes, squash, tomatoes and sweet corn.


Harvest salad crops, and resow every 2 weeks for a constant supply of tasty leaves.

Pinch out any side shoots from your tomato plants. You can pot these up to create new tomato plants. Start to feed once the first truss is setting fruit.

May 2020

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Compost Corner

May in the Garden

So much to do in the Garden at this time of year, but do take time to relax and enjoy the garden in these strange times, now that the warmer weather has arrived!

Keep a diary of which seeds you’re sowing and planting to help you stay on top of things throughout the year. Seeds, plants and compost can all be purchased “on line” and delivered to your door.If it’s possible to “get hold” of bedding plants (I have ordered some from my milkman) start planting out towards the end of this month. Also plant summer hanging baskets, adding good-quality compost and water-retaining crystals, to keep them in top condition.

Look after your finished spring bulbs for next year. Resist the temptation to cut back the foliage. Instead, let it die and break down on its own and this will give you an even better display next spring.

Lift and divide overcrowded clumps of daffodils and other spring-flowering bulbs.

Continue dividing herbaceous perennials to improve vigour and create new plants.

Supplement container plants with liquid feed every 2-4 weeks to promote healthy growth.

Start collecting and recycling water whenever possible.

A good time to start a compost bin (I have just bought one for the first time).


In the fruit and vegetable garden – again so much to do:

Continue earthing up potatoes. 

Make supports for your runner beans and pea plants.

Protect strawberries with straw (to control weeds and lift the berries off the ground) and netting (to keep birds off the fruit).

Keep young fruit trees well watered while they are putting on rapid growth


Looking after your lawn Feed your lawn to encourage healthy green growth, water the grass during hot weather - that’s particularly important for newly seeded or turfed lawns. Never allow new lawns to dry out.

Continue sowing lawn seed and repairing bare patches in the early part of the month.

May 2020

The month of May was named for the Greek goddess Maia. She was the goddess of fertility. The Romans called the month Maius. The name changed over the years. It was first called May in the 1400s near the end of the Middle Ages.


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May birthstone is emerald, a symbol of rebirth and love


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The May Birth Flower is Lily of the Valley and the Hawthorn


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The zodiac signs for May

Taurus: April 20 – May 20

Gemini: May 21 – June 21


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May Facts

  • It is the third and last month of the season of spring.
  • May in the Northern Hemisphere is similar to November in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • In Old English May is called the "month of three milkings" referring to a time when the cows could be milked three times a day.
  • The Indianapolis 500 car race is held each year during this month. The Kentucky Derby, the world's most famous horse race, is also held on the second Saturday of this month.


June 2020

This Month in History

1 June 1946 TV licences were issued in Britain for the first time; they cost £2


2 June 1953 Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II took place in Westminster Abbey


3 June 1162 Thomas Becket was consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury


6 June 1944 D-Day invasion of Normandy

7 June 1329  Death of King Robert I -  better known as Robert de Bruce


9 June 1870  Charles Dickens died of a stroke at his home in Gad’s Hill Place, Kent


10 June 1829   The Oxford team won the first-ever Oxford and Cambridge University Boat Race


11 June 1509   18 year old English King Henry VIII married his former sister-in-law Catherine of Aragon, his first wife


13 June 1944   The first V1 flying bomb, or “doodle bug” was dropped on London

14 June 1645   Oliver Cromwell defeated the Royalists at the Battle of Naseby, Northamptonshire


15 June 1215     Magna Carta, signed thus removing total authority from the monarchy forever

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18 June 1815   Duke of Wellington defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo, in Belgium


19 June 1917   In the midst of WW1 th at England’s Lord’s Cricket Ground - MCC v Hertfordshire

20 June 1756   Over 140 Britains imprisoned in a 5.4m by 4.2m Indian cell (‘The Black Hole of Calcutta‘); only 23 came out alive

22 June 1814   First ever cricket match at Lord’s Cricket Ground, MCC v Hertfordshire


25 June 1797   Admiral Horatio Nelson arm amputated in a battle with the French


26 June 1483   Richard, Duke of Gloucester, began to rule England as Richard III

29 June 1613   London’s Globe Theatre was destroyed by flames 


30 June 1894   Tower Bridge in London was officially opened by H.R.H. The Prince of Wales

June 2020

The month of June comes from the Roman goddess Juno, wife of Jupiter, and the queen of the gods; or from the word "iuniores", the Latin word for "younger ones". In the early Roman calendar June only had 29 days. It was Julius Caesar who added the additional day giving June 30 days.

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June birthstone is the pearl, symbolic of wisdom gained through experience

The June Birth Flower is the Rose

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The zodiac signs for June

Gemini: May 21 – June 21

Cancer: June 22 - July 22

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June Facts
  • It is the first month of the summer season.
  • June in the Northern Hemisphere is similar to the month of December in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • June is known as a great month to get married.
  • The famous English tennis tournament Wimbledon is normally played during the month of June.
  • The longest day of the year is 20th June 2020.

May 20

‘The Story of Hardwicke’

Whilst researching the history of Hardwicke for the Neighbourhood Development Plan I could find no single comprehensive or definitive source of history for Hardwicke. 

(I was later made aware of 'Voices of Quedgeley & Hardwicke' by Sandra Ashenford (Paperback, 2002)) 


A number of documents and articles provided a general overview of Hardwicke’s history, while others provided detailed accounts of single buildings and institutions such as St. Nicholas Church or the reformatory.  But I could not find that single source of knowledge and information.    


I briefly considered having a go at the history of Hardwicke myself. I am glad I didn’t because I have just seen a proof copy of just such a book, its titled ‘The Story of Hardwicke’ and is written by Carol-Anne Marsh. I have yet to read it thoroughly, but my initial view is of a comprehensive and interesting factual historical record of Hardwicke through the ages from ‘Neolithic and early Bronze Age’ to the present day.  The book reflects the story of a typical English community of scattered farmsteads with several outlying hamlets and a sleepy village at its centre.  The book includes the history of the land as it was bought, sold, exchanged, donated, farmed and developed over time whist the author uses the relationship between the gentry; the Church; the farming community; and the peasants’ suffrage to tie the history together.  


The history identifies completion of the Gloucester to Sharpness Canal in 1827 as one of the most influential changes to the landscape that affected the lives of everyone in Hardwicke.  The canal effectively split the Parish in two: east and west. Since then east Hardwicke has seen dense development whilst west Hardwicke remains relatively un-spoilt landscape with a number of farms and hamlets. 


The book is illustrated with a variety of pictures, drawings and paintings of local scenes by the author reminding us how fortunate we are to have access to beautiful countryside, the Gloucester to Sharpness Canal and the River Severn, just a mile away. 


Carol-Ann Marsh was born in Gloucester but spent her childhood in Fowey, Cornwall. She returned to Gloucester in 1953 and attended Ribston Hall High School before studying Interior Design at Gloucester College of Art; later achieving a Batchelor of Art Honours Degree with the Open University. Her interest in Hardwicke began after retirement in 2009 when she moved from Cheltenham to Hardwicke.


To purchase a copy of the book Please email we are making these available on behalf of the author during the pandemic.

It is hoped to arrange a full interview of the author post Covid-19.  

Kevin Marsden

Hardwicke Matters Editorial Team

24 April 2020

Online resources are a hit for library users

People are benefiting from a vast range of digital resources available while Gloucestershire’s libraries are closed – with more than 40,000 items 

downloaded in March and April.

In March there were 20,740 downloads, while in April so far there have been 21,975. They cover all digital formats, including eBooks, eAudiobooks and eMagazines.

They are all free to use and include a virtual reference library, online learning and plenty of activities for families to enjoy at home.

Make sure you and your family are library members so you can access all of these services – it’s free to join if you live in Gloucestershire:

Digital resources

eBooks, eAudiobooks and eMagazines are all available to download with your library card, join now to take advantage of the digital library.

Library catalogue

A new library catalogue was launched this month where you can browse and order digital books and join the library.

Virtual Reference Library

Free digital resources can be accessed from your home using your library card, including the Naxos Music Library.

Online learning

Brush up your IT skills with the Learn My Way computer courses.


The Gloucestershire Libraries YouTube channel offers videos and other content to inform and help customers, including how to use the Naxos Music Library.

Family activities

Missing storytime and Baby Bounce and Rhyme Times? Some staff and volunteers are recording regular sessions for the public which is being shared on the Facebook page:

Look out for Lindsay every Wednesday morning at 10.30am sharing a Baby Bounce and Rhyme Time:

Fiona from Stroud Library and Jane from Coleford Library are recording sessions on the Gloucestershire Libraries YouTube channel every week and they have a link with a nursery in France, so videos of nursery rhymes in French are also available here:

Creative crafts – easy ideas for crafts you can try at home:

For pregnant mums – here are some ideas for communicating early with your baby:

Home schooling

Colleagues in Library Services for Education have compiled a useful list of online resources for parents and carers who are helping their children with home learning, which is being regularly updated.

Cllr Dave Norman, Gloucestershire County Council cabinet member for libraries, said: “We appreciate it may be disappointing not being able to visit your local library at the moment, but it’s worth exploring the comprehensive range of free online resources at your disposal. I’m pleased to see so many people have been taking advantage of the downloads available.

“Whether you’d like to listen to nursery rhymes or stories, brush up on your IT skills or download some eBooks or music, there is something there for everyone.”

Issued by – Communications team, Gloucestershire County Council, 01452 427554,


For these months articles need to be submitted by 

  • May edition 10th April
  • Jun edition8th May
  • Jul edition12th June
  • Aug edition10th July
  • Sep edition7th August
  • Oct edition11th September
  • Nov edition9th October
  • Dec  edition6th November

Any changes to adverts should be sent in by 1st of the month 

April 2020

Stroud News and Gloucester County Advertiser.

May 6. 1904

An exciting incident occurred Friday last in the villages of Hardwicke, Epney, Framilode, and Whitminster; fourteen boys having escaped from the Hardwicke Reformatory. The fact became generally known, and the keepers, assisted by villagers, were soon in search for the missing lads. Eventually their efforts were attended with success, as by ten o’clock the whole of the gang was re-captured. The majority were found at Monk’s Hill, but two wandered in the direction of Saul, and were seen making a quick march for the Walk Bridge. Subsequently both were caught at Whitminster. Two others were discovered at Epney, which completed the missing number.

April 2020

'Hardwicke Matters’ Matters

Hardwicke Matters Contact Details 

Letters, notices, articles, queries and other communications can be forwarded to Hardwicke Matters by 

• email to 

• placing written communications a sealed envelopelabelled ‘For Hardwicke Matters’ in one of the drop-boxesin Tesco on Elmgrove Road East or Westbourne News  onWestland Road.  

• for advertising only, telephone Valerie Lockley on 07597 337854 or email advertising 


Distributors Needed 

Hardwicke Matters is currently seeking volunteers to spare an hour or so each month to deliver magazines in the Hunts Grove area. 

This is an important link in the delivery chain and if you would like to volunteer, Please contact Peter Hill on Tel: 07578 364686 or email:

HM Disclaimers

Whilst Hardwicke Matters welcomes articles of interest, it reserves the right to reject or amend items offered for publication. 

Wherever possible, articles should be no longer than 500 words unless intended for serialisation.
Hardwicke Matters takes no responsibility for views expressed by contributors and does not endorse any products or services advertised.


Data Protection Statement 

All personal data is held securely by Hardwicke Matters. Data will be treated confidentially and will not be disclosed to external organisations. 

The data will only be used for Hardwicke Matters business. 

You have the right to view, amend or delete any of your personal information we hold. 

Requests must be made by email to or in writing to the editor (see below) 

The Hardwicke Matters Data Protection Policy conforms to the The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) 2018.


May 2020

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Gloucester Journal. 12th May 1945

May 2020

May Births

1st 1769 Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington

5th 1883 Archibald, Lord Wavell, British Field Marshal in WWII

12th 1820 Florence Nightingale, The Lady with the Lamp

15th 1935 Ted Dexter

17th 1749 Edward Jenner

19th 1933 Edward de Bono

22nd 1859 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

24th 1819 Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom

26th 1904 George Formby

27th 1897 John Cockcroft

28th 1759 William Pitt (the Younger)

29th 1630 King Charles II of Great Britain and Ireland

March 2020 Do we do it?

 Some readers may wonder how we manage to deliver the magazine regularly to your post box every month? Well it starts with one of our volunteers collecting all 2500+ copies from the printers on the third or fourth Wednesday of the month. Prepacked boxes of the magazines are distributed to a number of volunteer distributors who in turn deliver ‘batches’ of magazines to the deliverers. Each deliverer covers an area of the Parish and delivers the magazine to each doorstep in their area.  They aim to get the magazine to your doorstep not later the first of each month.   

We could not do this without our dedicated team of over fifty volunteers who give up their time every month to ensure that you get your copy. 

The Hardwicke Matters Committee are extremely proud of, and grateful to, our team of distributors and deliverers.

March 2020

Hunts Grove Community


On the 1st April 2020 Hunts Grove will become a separate Parish with its own Parish Council.  

Following consultation with Hunts Grove Residents Association, Hardwicke Matters Committee have agreed to continue including Hunts Grove in its magazine distribution for the immediate future. The financial implications will be closely monitored to ensure its viability. 



April 2020

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May 2020

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The Citizen. 10th May 1945

April 2020

From Our MP

It is a pleasure to prepare my first contribution to Hardwicke Matters as your new Member of Parliament sat in my little office in the Palace of Westminster. I have a window (which is apparently a great honour not always afforded to new Members) that should allow me to look across the Palace roof but it is shrouded in stacks of scaffolding!

These first 2.5 months have been a whirlwind of settling into the job while also organising offices and staff. We now have an office on King Street in Stroud and I have been conducting regular weekly surgeries that are packed weeks in advance. If you would like to see me about a local matter or you want to raise something, please do not hesitate to contact me at

In Westminster, we held the budget today. I had breakfast with the new Chancellor last week and having listened to his ambition for the country, despite the difficult circumstances of the global Coronavirus issues, I was not surprised the budget is so bold. I warmly welcome his focus on infrastructure, fuel duty freeze, alcohol duty freezes to help our pubs, business rate reductions and tax cuts for around 2.5 million people in the South West, lifting 104,000 people out of paying National Insurance contributions altogether. I have been personally campaigning for Further Education colleges like SGS Stroud so the large funding boost for colleges is excellent.

We will include more information about my local and Westminster work on my website

With kind regards

Siobhan Baillie MP for Stroud, the Valleys and the Vale

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April 2020

These events are postponed indefinately due to coronavirus. The advert is included for support through media 

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April 2020

Hardwicke Parish Council 

NOTE - this was the last sitting of Parish Council pre-Covid-19

Minutes of a meeting of the Parish Council held on Monday March 2nd 2020 


Cllr John Perkin (Chair) 

Cllr Mark Ryder 

Cllr Fran Welbourne 

Cllr Darren Morris 

Cllr Jill Brearley 

Cllr Graham Brearley

In attendance 

District Councillor, Gill Oxley, 

County Councillor Stephen Davies, 

Three representatives from Redrow

31/20 Apologies 

Apologies were received from Cllrs Denise Powell and Demelza Turner-Wilkes

32/20 Declarations of interest 

There were none declared

33/20 Public Consultation 

There were no matters raised

34/20 Redrow 

Emma Powell, on behalf of Redrow, attended the meeting to advise the Parish Council of their submission to the Stroud District Council Local Plan Review. It was stated that Redrow acknowledged that Hardwicke’s NDP did not support further development in the Village and that the Parish Council’s response to the review reiterated the policies within its NDP.

Under the protocol of dealing with developers, which required developers to consult with Parish and Town Councils, Redrow advised the Parish Council of its proposed future development for land (on which it had ‘options’) within Hardwicke. Copies of the proposals were presented and discussed with Parish Councillors.

It was noted that the timescale for the Local Plan Review was that the district council would be presenting its final review to a meeting of full council around July time and that the revised plan would be presented to the Planning Inspector. The Planning Inspectorate would then undertake an ‘examination in public’ which would possibly commence in late 2021.

Emma Powell said that Redrow would be happy to present their proposals to a future public meeting which could be held after the local elections.

Resolved; to note the presentation and thank Redrow for their attendance

Further information about the Review is held on the district council website

35/20 Minutes of Previous Meeting 

The Minutes of the meeting held on February 3rd 2020 were approved and signed by the Chair 

Resolved to approve the Minutes of the meeting held on February end 2020

36/20 County Councillor and District Councillor Reports County Councillor Stephen Davies gave an update on a number of items 97% of students had been offered their preferred places at secondary school. 

Repairs to the ditch wall in Church Lane had been delayed due to voles nesting in the area 

The damaged drain in Green Lane, near to The Planation required further investigation 

A bus service to Hunts Grove would commence on April 1st

District Councillor Gill Oxley reported that she had received a number of complaints about fly-tipping and the Youth Forum had said that they would like to undertake an anti-litter campaign. 

At Stroud District Council a new working group of Members and officers had been set up to deliver carbon neutral by 2030. Resolved to note the reports

37/20 Planning Applications 

The following Planning Application was considered by the Council

S.20/0273/DISCON Hunts Grove, Land at Colethrop Lane Resolved; No Objections

38/20 Land Transfers 

The Chair presented the report and offer from Stroud District Council to transfer to the Parish Council open spaces, currently by the District Council. As part of the transfer the district council would continue to undertake the maintenance and grass cutting of the areas for a period of three years. The areas would be transferred to the Parish Council who then hold the full freehold. The additional requirement would be that if the parish council should. At some future point decide to develop an area then the District would receive 50% of any sale price. Parish Councillors wanted to have an estimate of the costs of maintenance after the three year period. Members did agree in principle to the offer subject to be clear on future costs. 

Resolved; to agree in principle to the transfer subject to the estimate of future maintenance costs and for the Chair and Clerk to seek a further meeting with the district council to clarify future cost information

39/20 Finance Report 

The Clerk presented the finance report for the period ending February 29th 2020 and the schedule of monthly payments. Resolved; to approve the report

40/20 Local Council Elections 

Members were advised of the time frame for the local elections and the requirements for completing nomination papers. It was noted that the formal notice of election would be announced on March 23rd and that nomination papers were available from the Clerk for Hardwicke and Hunts Grove Parish Councils 

Resolved; to note the report

41/20 Family Fun Day 

Darren Morris gave an update on the preparations for the day and the list of groups and stallholders to be invited. The Chair confirmed that he had spoken to a number of groups who had agreed to attend 

Resolved; It was confirmed that the Family Fun Day would be held on Saturday June 20th from 12.00 to 4.00 and that the Chair of the Parish Council, the Vice Chair of the Village Hall Committee, Cllr Darren Morris and the Clerk to the Parish Council form a working group to manage the event.

42/20 Parish Councillor and Lead Member Reports 

Cllr Mark Ryder reported that a lot of work had been put into the recent planning applications for Hunts Grove; in particular, the response to the Neighbourhood Centre. Over 140 objections to the changes had been lodged with the planning authority. He confirmed that, with the support of Cllr Gill Oxley the application had been ‘called in’ to the Development Control Committee. There were still incidents of construction traffic entering the development through Waterwells Drive instead of the recently opened access road.

Cllr Darren Morris gave a report on the project on Mental Health ‘Marshalling Men’s Health’ that was being delivered at the Village Hall. The organiser and provider had submitted a grant application for £295 which would cover the cost of hiring and the proviso of materials. Members supported the application and noted the invaluable work being delivered.

Cllr Graham Brearley gave an update on the condition of the Shorn Brook; Graham had met with an officer from the Environment Agency and was unable to identify a specific problem, it had been noted that there was less water flowing down stream. Graham also reported that a broken tree in Church Lane had branches leaning against a BT Cable.

The Chair, Cllr John Perkin reported that one of the newly planted trees had been damaged; John had retied the tree to protect it. 

The Chair reported that there had been a significant increase in dog fouling in the area, particularly along the footpaths/ pavements. The Clerk was asked to speak to the Dog Warden to request more signs be put up and patrols to be undertaken.

Meeting Closed at 21.10

April 2020

Gloucester Journal. April 11 1914

A very pleasant smoking concert took place at the Morning Star, Hardwicke on Friday evening, when Mr. C. Branham was made the recipient of a pipe and pouch, subscribed to by friends in the district. Mr. Wiltshire made the presentation and in doing so said they were all very sorry to lose Mr. Branham, but at the same time wished him the best of luck. Mr Branham suitably replied. The remainder of the evening was devoted to harmony.

April 2020

FUSION – Hardwicke Church Youth group for children aged 11 to 18

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Fusion is suspended indefinately due to coronavirus

Gloucester Journal. December 1,1906.

TO LET, from 25th December, Church House, Hardwicke, four bedrooms; large productive garden, large greenhouse, stable, barn, cider and mill-house, piggeries, orchard attached, three acres choice fruit trees.—Apply Ralph Ellis, 1, Sutton Road, Kidderminster

April 2020

What do you call a dog with a fever? A hot dog

Why do golfers wear 3 pairs of pants? In case they get a hole-in-one

Thank you for the giggles Freddie. Anyone else fancy sharing some giggles?

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May 2020

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Gloucester Journal. 12th May 1945


All personal data is held securely by Hardwicke Matters. Data will be treated confidentially and will not be disclosed to external organisations. The data will only be used for Hardwicke Matters business. You have the right to view, amend or delete any of your personal information we hold. Requests to do this must be made by email or in writing addressed to the editor and dropped off in the box at the Tesco Express on Elmgrove Road East, or Westbourne News on Westbourne Drive, Alternatively. Please send E-mails to The Hardwicke Matters Data Protection Policy conforms to the The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) 2018. 

April 2020

Simnel Cake Recipe 

Simnel cake has been eaten since medieval times as both a rich, sweet treat and a symbolic ritual. The fruit cake is topped with eleven marzipan balls to represent the eleven apostles of Christ, minus Judas. 


12 oz/ 340g Currants 

1 lev tsp ground Cinnamon 

4 oz / 115g Sultanas 

6 oz/ 170g Butter 

3 oz/ 85g Mixed Peel 

6 oz/ 170g Caster Sugar 

8 oz/ 230g Plain Flour 

3 Eggs 

Pinch of Salt 


1 lev tsp 

Grated Nutmeg 

Little Apricot Jam 

Marzipan / Almond Paste (22 oz/ 680g )

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Grease and line 8” 9” cake tin, Set oven to 325F/160C.

Cream Butter and Sugar and beat in eggs.
Mix flour, dry ingredients and spices and add fruit and peel.
Stir dry ingredients into beaten eggs and sugar etc and add a little milk to bring to a “dropping” consistency.
Put half the mixture into the tin. Cover with a round of rolled out marzipan. Cover with the rest of the cake mix.
Bake in warm oven 325 for approx. 2 ½ hours.
When cool, coat cake with warmed Apricot Jam and top with a round of rolled out Marzipan.
Roll 11 small balls of Marzipan and place them on top and round the edge of cake. Return to hot oven (or under grill) for a few minutes to brown the Marzipan

May 2020

In Gloucester this month..... 

Here are a few random events that happened in the Gloucester area in May in years gone by: 

1st May 1876 – The first edition of the Citizen, Gloucester’s first daily newspaper, was published.  It was an evening paper, costing one halfpenny, and consisted of four pages of advertisements, some national news and some local news. The newspaper declared that it would “Follow Liberal Principles”. The founder was Samuel Bland, a local businessman.


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10th May 1878 – In the early morning, two Constables approached two men who were loitering in the vicinity of Quedgeley House.  When questioned, the men said they were sailors returning to their ship in Gloucester Docks. One then produced a pistol and fired at the Constables, hitting one.  The men ran away but were recaptured, and the pistol firer was later sentenced to life imprisonment for wounding a Constable.


18th May 1893 – A pigeon shooting match was held at Llantony Ground Hempstead, and competitors included some of the best shots in the West of England. A £50 first prize was

Divided between 4 shooters, who each killed 5 birds!


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19th May 1900 – The news of the relief of Mafeking in South Africa was celebrated in Gloucester. Thousands of people gathered in the park, to hear speeches from the Mayor, listen to the Civic Band, watch a Lantern Exhibition and later, a firework display.


23rd May 1768 – A notice appeared in the Journal, asking that anyone sending patients to Gloucester Infirmary should ensure that they were “clean and free from vermin and had a proper change of linen and other necessities”.

29th May 1864 – A lady attended Sunday service at the Cathedral dressed in a fashionable crinoline. As she was leaving the pew, a large hassock became stuck under her skirts. It would not budge despite her wriggling and eventually one of the lay clerks managed to free her by lifting her skirts one by one until he found and removed the offending item.


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May 2020

This Month in History

1 May  1707 The Union between England and Scotland is proclaimed

2 May 1611 The Authorized Version of the Bible (King James Version) was first published, and became the standard English language Bible

3 May 1841 New Zealand was declared a British colony

5 May 1821 Napoleon Bonaparte “the Little Corporal”, died in exile on the remote British island of St. Helena. He was 51.

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6 May 1954 Roger Bannister was the first man to run a mile in under 4 minutes, at the Iffley Road Sports Ground, Oxford

7 May 1945 Nazi Germany surrendered to the Allies at Rheims and the war in Europe ended. VE Day is celebrated across Europe and North America on the following day

9 May 1887 Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show opens in London

10 May 1940 Promising his people nothing but “blood, toil, tears and sweat”, Winston Churchill replaces Neville Chamberlain as British Prime Minister. Churchill is to form an all-party war government as German troops storm Europe


12 May 1926 Britain’s Trades Union Congress called off the General Strike that had brought the nation to a standstill for nine days. Workers across the country had downed tools in support of miners, protesting a wage cut


16 May 1943 RAF Lancaster bombers caused chaos to Nazi German industry by destroying two huge dams. Dr Barnes Wallis’s bouncing bombs skimmed the surface of the water to reach their targets

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17 May 1900 The siege of the British garrison at Mafeking by Boer forces was broken. Commander of the garrison, Colonel Robert Baden-Powell and his forces had held firm for 217 days


19 May 1536 Anne Boleyn, King Henry VIII‘s second wife, was beheaded in London. She was 29. The charges brought against her included incest with her brother and no less than four counts of adultery

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21 May 1894 The official opening of the Manchester Ship Canal by Queen Victoria

22 May 1455 In the first battle of the Wars of the Roses, Richard of York and the Nevilles attacked the court at St Albans, capturing Henry VI and killing Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset

24 May 1809 Dartmoor Prison in Devon is opened to house French prisoners of war

25  May 1659 Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England

27 May 1657 Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell refuses parliament’s offer of the title King of England

28 May 1759 Birthday of William Pitt (the Younger), English statesman who became the youngest ever British Prime Minister at the age of 24

29 May 1660  Charles Stuart entered London to become King Charles II, restoring England’s monarchy following Oliver Cromwell’s commonwealth

30 May 1536 Eleven days after he had his wife Anne Boleyn beheaded, King Henry VIII marries Jane Seymour, former lady-in-waiting to Anne

31 May 1902 The Peace of Vereeniging ended the Boer War, in which 450,000 British troops had fought against 80,000 Boers